Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Dr. William G. Roll

Dr. William G. Roll

William G. Roll (deceased) and William T. Joines present interesting theoretical thoughts about poltergeists in their article “RSPK and Consciousness” (Journal of Parapsychology, 2013, 77, 192-211; for reprints write to Dr. William T. Joines:


Dr. William T. Joines

Dr. William T. Joines

Here is the abstract:


We review some important RSPK [recurrent spontaneous psychokinesis] cases and discuss physical theoretical concepts that may account for the phenomena. A major problem for the RSPK researcher has been to identify the energy that causes object movements. As a first step in understanding RSPK, Puthoff proposes that the agent makes coherent the random fluctuations of the zero-point energy (ZPE), a plenum of electromagnetic energy that fills space and interacts with gravitation and inertia.

Joines has previously suggested that the RSPK process involves psi waves from the agent. The ZPE concept fills in the picture: Psi waves produce a coherent signal directed at a physical object and ZPE provides the energy for RSPK. In the light of the ZPE theory, Joines analyzed the attenuation effects in the Miami, Olive Hill, and Tina Resch cases. The best fit was the product of an exponential decay curve and an inverse distance curve, suggesting that the ZPE may be the connection between psi waves and electromagnetic waves. Friedan’s theory, presented in his book Physics from Fisher Information, has implications for the understanding of how RSPK and psi information can be acquired by physical objects, including human observers and information taken to be a physical entity that can flow from one system to another.

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 The authors conclude:

“Myers (1903), one of the principal founders of parapsychology, postulated a ‘metetherial environment’ as a world where life and thought are carried on apart from matter (pp. 215–218). The metetherial environment is equivalent to the “subliminal self” where the self extends beyond the borders of the familiar, waking or ‘supraliminal’ self. Myers thought that the metetherial environment might be continuous with the ether. The ether has been replaced by such concepts as the ZPE. If we follow Puthoff, the ZPE has energetic as well as consciousness components, not unlike Myers’ metetherial environment.”

“If a message may be sent from agent to object via the ZPE by causing the random fluctuations to become coherent, then such practices as meditation, yoga and biofeedback that facilitate the ‘one-pointedness’ of consciousness may result in the coherence of the ZPE, which in turn may lead to voluntary macro-PK.”

“If the issue is approached in terms of Frieden’s observer participancy, relatively little of the ZPE is known . . . The exploration, moreover, is mostly focused on the energetic aspects of the ZPE . . . However, if a conscious or subconscious component from the psi wave extends into the ZPE, scientific observers who are able to enter altered states, as in Tart’s (2000) proposal of ‘state-specific sciences,’ could play a significant role in elucidating this aspect of nature and human nature.”

“The all pervasive nature of both RSPK and PK occurrences demonstrate that the life energy within or around us, that we may come to understand more fully and tap into, has a greater potential for our use than we have yet realized.”