Category: Digital Resources

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

This is one of the latest of a series of videos prepared by NUPES, the Nucleo de Pesquisa em Espiritualidade e Saude  (Group of Research in Spirituality and Health), which is part of the Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Federal University of Juiz de Fora) in Brazil.

Alexandre Sech Junior

Alexandre Sech Junior

It is a short presentation by Alexandre Sech Junior, entitled “History and Philosophy of Scientific Research on Spirituality.” Alexandre, who I met in Brazil and with whom I have occasional correspondence, has an M.A. In Philosophy and is pursuing a doctoral degree at the Health Sciences Department of the Federal University of Juiz de For a, Brazil (UFJF). In addition, he is a researcher at NUPES. I discussed an article he published about William James in a previous blog.

The video focuses on the following questions: “Why study historical and philosophical aspects of spirituality? To what fields of knowledge does this type of research belong? How to investigate the History and Philosophy of Scientific Research on Spirituality? What can you tell us about spiritual experiences in history?”

Nancy Zingrone logged this into two new Playlists on our YouTube Channel, Parapsychology Online, one that will provide links to the English-language NUPES videos, and another one that will provide links to resources on history and philosophy of science videos that are relevant to the scientific study of psychic phenomena. “Alexander’s video is extremely good in this regard because it provides a clear definition not only of the interdisciplinary research being done at his university, but also because it provides definitions and a glimpse into the academic study of spirituality.”

For our YouTube channel, Parapsychology Online, click here.

For the NUPES Channel on YouTube, click here.



Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Hathi TrustAnother good digital library for the old literature is Hathi Trust Digital Library. According to the website: “HathiTrust began in 2008 as a collaboration of the universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation and the University of California system to establish a repository to archive and share their digitized collections. HathiTrust has quickly expanded to include additional partners . . .  The initial focus of the partnership has been on preserving and providing access to digitized book and journal content from the partner library collections. This includes both in copyright and public domain materials digitized by Google, the Internet Archive, and Microsoft, as well as through in-house initiatives. The partners aim to build a comprehensive archive of published literature from around the world . . . The primary community that HathiTrust serves are the members (faculty, students, and users) of its partners libraries, but the materials in HathiTrust are available to all to the extent permitted by law and contracts, providing the published record as a public good to users around the world.”

Journal du Magnetisme 1845The library has many useful journals in different languages, among them: Annales des Sciences Psychiques, Annals of Psychical Science, L’Hermès: Journal du Magnétisme Animal, Journal du Magnétisme Animal, Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research, Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, Psychical Review, Revue Spirite, and Sphinx.

Psychical Review

JASPR 1907 Cover

Revue Spirite 1858 2

There are also many books about mesmerism, spiritualism and psychical research. More than other digital libraries, Hathi Trust has titles published after 1922. Here are some examples:

Allison, L.W. (1929). Leonard and Soule Experiments in Psychical Research: Also Experiments with Sanders, Brittain, Peters and Dowden. Boston: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Allison Leonard and Soule Experiments

Bennett, E.N. (1927). Apollonius; or, The Present and Future of Psychical Research. New York: E. P. Dutton.

Carrington, H. (1937). The Psychic World. New York, G. P. Putnam’s Sons.

Carrington The Psychic World

Chaney, R.G. (1946). Mediums and the Development of Mediumship. Eaton Rapids, MI: Psychic Books.

Cross, H.H.U. (1939). A Cavalcade of the Supernatural. New York, E. P. Dutton.

Cross Calvacade of the Supernatural

Dunninger, J. (1935). Inside the Medium’s Cabinet. New York: David Kemp.

Fodor, N. (1958). On the Trail of the Poltergeist. New York: Citadel Press.

Fodor On the Trail of the Poltergeist

Garland, H. (1936). Forty Years of Psychic Research. New York: Macmillan.

Hankey, M. (1963). James Hewat McKenzie: Pioneer of Psychical Research: A Personal Memoir. New York: Helix Press.

Holms, A.C. (1927). The Facts of Psychic Science and Philosophy. Jamaica, NY: Occult Press.

Holms The Facts of Psychic Science

Lambert, H.C. (1928). A General Survey of Psychical Phenomena. New York: Knickerbocker Presss.

Loehr, F. (1959). The Power of Prayer on Plants. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Morgan, S.R. (1950). Index to Psychic Science. Swathmore, PA: N.p.

Morgan Index to Psychic Science

Osborne, A.W. (1961). The Future is Now: The Significance of Precognition. New Hyde Park, NY: University Books.

Osis, K. (1961). Deathbed Observations by Physicians and Nurses (Parapsychological Monographs, No. 3). New York: Parapsychology Foundation.

Osis Deathbed Observations

Pratt, J.G., Rhine, J.B., Smith, B.M., Stuart, C.E., & Greenwood, J.A. (1940). Extra-Sensory Perception After Sixty Years: A Critical Appraisal of the Research in Extra-Sensory Perception. New York: Holt.

Prince, W.P. (1928). Noted Witnesses for Psychic Occurrences. Boston, MA: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Prince Noted Witnesses

Prince, W.F. (1930). The Enchanted Boundary: Being a Survey of Negative Reactions to Claims of Psychic Phenomena, 1820-1930. Boston, MA: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Rhine, J.B. (1935). Extra-Sensory Perception. Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Rhine, J.B., & Pratt, J.G. (1957). Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind: A Survey of the Field, the Methods, and the Facts of ESP and PK Research. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas

Rhine Pratt Parapsychology 2

Soal, S.G., & Bateman, F. (1954). Modern Experiments in Telepathy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Taylor, W.G.L. (1936).  Katie Fox, Epochmaking Medium and the Making of the Fox-Taylor Record.  Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Thomas, J.F. (1937). Beyond Normal Cognition: An Evaluative and Methodological Study of the Mental Content of Certain Trance Phenomena. Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Thomas Beyond Normal Cognition

Walker, B. (Ed.). (1995). Out of the Ordinary: Folklore and the Supernatural. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Walker, K. (1961). The Extrasensory Mind. New York: Emerson Books.

Warrick, F.W. (1939). Experiments in Psychics: Practical Studies in Direct Writing, Supernormal Photography and Other Phenomena, Mainly with Mrs. Ada Emma Deane. New York: Dutton.

Warrick Experiments in Psychics

Westwood, H. (1949). There is a Psychic World. New York: Crown.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Another very useful virtual library is Lexscien: Library of Exploratory Science , a project of the Centre for Fundamental and Anomalies Research  available by subscription. It has been developed mainly by David and Julie Rousseau , a husband and wife team who designed the system, and took care of the programing, the scanning, and other aspects, truly a great amount of work. The journals were donated by various organizations and individuals, and financial support came from the Society for Psychical Research  and the Centre for Fundamental and Anomalies Research, and from the fundraising efforts of Ed May and the Rousseau’s.


The collection, presented as image facsimiles and in plain and formatted text, is still growing. The system allows users to search using key words, to download articles, and to lift text for quotes, something I have done repeatedly.

Journal of the SPR 1885-1886The site offers historically important journals such as the Proceedings and Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, and the Journal of Parapsychology, and the Revue Métapsychique. Other more recent publications include European Journal of Parapsychology, Journal of Scientific Exploration, and Research in Parapsychology. The SPR’s magazine, Psi Researcher, the name of which changed to Paranormal Review, is also in the collection. Some of the journals are not up to date but work is in progress to catch up with the backload. Nonetheless there is much modern material available here that should appeal to serious students of psychic phenomena.

Amadou La science et le paranormal


Journal of Parapsychology


Here are a few examples of the articles available.

Alvarado, C.S. (1993). Gifted subjects’ contributions to parapsychology: The case of Eusapia Palladino. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 59, 269-292.

Barrett, W.F. (1883). On some phenomena associated with abnormal conditions of the mind. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 1, 238-244.

William Barrett

William Barrett

Birge, W.R., & Rhine, J.B. (1942). Unusual types of persons tested for ESP: 1. A professional medium. Journal of Parapsychology, 6, 85-94.

Braithwaite, J.J. (1994). Magnetic variances associated with ‘haunt-type’ experiences: a comparison using time-synchronised baseline measurements. European Journal of Parapsychology, 19, 3-28.

Braude, S.E. (1994). Psi and the nature of abilities. In E.W. Cook & D.L. Delanoy (Eds.),  Research in Parapsychology 1991 (pp. 193-219). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.

Stephen E. Braude

Stephen E. Braude

Colvin, B.J. (2008). The Andover case: A responsive rapping poltergeist. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 72, 1-20.

Hallson, P. (2002). Can we make progress in the study of apparitions? Paranormal Review, 21,   3-6.

Honorton, C. (1997). The ganzfeld novice: Four predictors of initial ESP performance. Journal of Parapsychology, 61, 143-158.

Charles Honorton

Charles Honorton

Houtkooper, J. (2003). An ESP experiment with natural and simulated sferics: Displacement scores and psychological variables. European Journal of Parapsychology, 18, 49-64.

Humphrey, B.M. (1945). ESP and intelligence. Journal of Parapsychology, 9, 7-16.

Myers, F. W. H. (1884). On a telepathic explanation of some so-called spiritualistic phenomena: Part I. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 2, 217-237.

Palmer, J. (1996). From survival to transcendence: Reflections on psi as anomalous. In E.W. Cook (Ed.), Research in Parapsychology 1992  (pp. 143-171). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.

John Palmer

John Palmer

Price, M., & Pegram, M.H. (1937). Extra-sensory perception among the blind. Journal of Parapsychology, 1, 143-155.

Radin, D.(1998). Psi hits and psi myths. In N.L. Zingrone, M.J. Schlitz, C.S. Alvarado, & J. Milton (Eds.), Research in Parapsychology 1993 (pp. 215-231). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow press.

Rhine, L.E. (1937). Some stimulus variations in extra-sensory perception with child subjects.Journal of Parapsychology, 1, 102-113.

Richet, C. (1889). Further experiments in hypnotic lucidity or clairvoyance. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 6, 66-83.

Charles Richet

Charles Richet

Richet Clairvoyance PSPR 1889

Rivas, T. (2004). Six cases of the reincarnation type in the Netherlands. Paranormal Review, 29,  17-21.

Roll, W.G. (2003). Poltergeists, electromagnetism and consciousness. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 17, 75-86.

Schrenck-Notzing, A. Von (1922). The Hopfgarten poltergeist case. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 20, 199-217.

Sidgwick, H., Johnson, A., Myers, F.W.H.. Podmore, F., & Sidgwick, E.M. (1894). Report on the Census of Hallucinations. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 10, 25-422.

Census of Hallucinations

Tart, C.T. (2003). Spiritual motivations of parapsychologists? Empirical data. Journal of Parapsychology, 67, 181-184.

Tyrrell, G.N.M. (1935). Some experiments in undifferentiated extra-sensory perception. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 29, 52-68.

Readers should consult the SPR Abstracts Catalogue (compiled by R. McLuhan and edited by Z. Weaver) that is part of Lexcien’s holdings. This presents abstracts of the content of the Journal of the Society for Psychical Research and the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research published between 1882 and 2002.

At this point there are only a few books available:

Gurney, E. , Myers, F.W.H., & Podmore, F. (1886). Phantasms of the Living (2 vols.). London: Trubner.

Phantasms of the Living vol 2

Myers, F.W.H. (1903). Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death (2 vols.) London: Longmans, Green.

Myers Human Personality 2

Osty, E. (1923). Supernormal Faculties in Man. London: Methuen.

Poynton, J.C. (Ed.). (1975). Parapsychology in South Africa. Johannesburg: South African Society for Psychical Research.

Poynton Parapsychology in South Africa

This library, a labor of love and an important contribution sustained by the Rousseau’s and others, is highly recommended. I use it frequently in my writings about parapsychology. To subscribe go here.



Carlos S. Alvarado, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

The second post of this series is about articles by members of the Division of Perceptual Studies , researchers who conduct research and write about phenomena related to the issue of survival of bodily death. The Division, part of the Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences of the University of Virginia, was founded by the late Dr. Ian Stevenson  and is currently directed by Bruce Greyson.

The website of the Division has a page presenting links to many articles, some of which appear below. In addition to articles by Stevenson and Greyson, there are some by Emily Kelly, Jim Tucker, and a few other authors. While I  am also affiliated to the Division, a selection of my online papers appear in another blog.

The following are only a few examples of the articles available in the Division’s page.  I encourage readers to check many other links to other papers in the page.

Ian Stevenson

Dr. Ian Stevenson

Dr. Ian Stevenson

A Preliminary Report on an Unusual Case of the Reincarnation Type with Xenoglossy, by Ian Stevenson and Satwant Pasricha. (Journal of the American Society of Psychical Research, 74: 331-348, 1980). (click here).

American Children Who Claim to Remember Previous Lives, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171:742-748, 1983). (click here)

The Contribution of Apparitions to the Evidence for Survival, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 76:341-358, 1982). (click here)

Cryptomnesia and Parapsychology, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 52:1-30, 1983). (click here)

Thoughts on the Decline of Major Paranormal Phenomena, by Ian Stevenson. (Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 57:149-162, 1990). (click here)

A Series of Possibly Paranormal Recurrent Dreams, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 6:281-289, 1992). (click here)

Bruce Greyson

Dr. Bruce Greyson

Dr. Bruce Greyson

The Phenomenology of Near-Death Experiences, by Bruce Greyson and Ian Stevenson. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 137:1193-1196, 1980). (click here)

The Near-Death Experiences Scale: Construction, Reliability, and Validity, by Bruce Greyson. (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171:369-375, 1983). (click here)

A Typology of Near-Death Experiences, by Bruce Greyson. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 142:967-969, 1985). (click here)

Dissociation in People Who Have Had Near-Death Experiences: Out of Their Bodies or Out of Their Minds?, by Bruce Greyson. (The Lancet, 355:460-63, 2000). (click here)

Implications of Near-Death Experiences for a Postmaterialist Psychology, by Bruce Greyson (Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 37-45, 2010). (click here)

Seeing Deceased Persons Not Known to Have Died: “Peak in Darien”Experiences, by Bruce Greyson. (Anthropology and Humanism, 35: 159-171, 2010). (click here)

Emily Kelly (formerly Cook)

Dr. Emily Kelly

Dr. Emily Kelly

The Survival Question: Impasse or Crux?, by Emily Williams Cook. (Journal of the American Society of Psychical Research, 81:125-139, 1986). (click here)

The Subliminal Consciousness: F.H.W. Myers’s Approach to the Problem of Survival, by Emily Williams Cook. (Journal of Parapsychology, 58:40-58, 1994). (click here)

Do Any Near-Death Experiences Provide Evidence for the Survival of Human Personality After Death? Relevant Features and Illustrative Case Reports, by Emily Williams Cook, Bruce Greyson, and Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 12:377-406, 1998). (click here)

Where Science and Religion Intersect: The Work of Ian Stevenson, by Edward F. Kelly and Emily Williams Kelly (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 22:73-80, 2008). (click here)

Some Directions for Mediumship Research, by Emily Williams Kelly. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 24:247-282, 2010). (click here)

An Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons, by Emily Williams Kelly and Dianne Arcangel (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199:11-17, 2011). (click here)

Jim Tucker

Dr. Jim Tucker

Dr. Jim Tucker

An Unusual Birthmark Case Thought to be Linked to a Person Who Had Previously Died, by Jürgen Keil and Jim B. Tucker. (Psychological Reports, 87:1067-1074, 2000). (click here)

A Scale to Measure the Strength of Children’s Claims of Previous Lives: Methodology and Initial Findings, by Jim B. Tucker. ( Journal of Scientific Exploration, 14:571-581, 2000). (click here)

Can Cultural Beliefs Cause a Gender Identity Disorder?, by Jim B. Tucker and Jürgen Keil. (Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 13:21-30, 2001). (click here)

Ian Stevenson and Cases of the Reincarnation Type, by Jim B. Tucker (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 22: 36-43, 2008). (click here)

Children’s Reports of Past-Life Memories: A Review, by Jim B.Tucker (EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing, 4:244-248, 2008). (click here)

Experimental Birthmarks: New Cases of an Asian Practice, by Jim B. Tucker and Jürgen Keil. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 27:263-276, 2013).(click here)


Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

In a previous comment  I presented some examples of the journals and magazines available in the webpage of The International Association for the Preservation of Spiritualist and Occult Periodicals , materials curated by Marc Demarest. More recently the same organization, has developed The Standard Spiritualist and Occult Corpus . It is described in their page as follows:

“The Standard Spiritualist and Occult Corpus (SSOC) is an open source text project, focused on book-length texts, in English, covering Spiritualism, the occult, New Thought and allied parasciences (mesmerism, magnetism, phrenology, alchemy, chiromancy and so forth) published between 1790 and 1940. Currently (Release 1.1) the SSOC consists of more than 2,200 book-length texts (more than 1 million pages) by over 300 authors, and includes many of the texts considered “classics” in Spiritualism and the occult. Every text in the SSOC is supplied, free of charge, in indexed PDF form, allowing it to be electronically stored, searched, printed and converted (to image, HTML or text). The outer, later bound of the corpus is limited by copyright law.

The intent behind this project is to provide, at low cost, a more or less complete document database of important primary book-length materials — again, in English, at present — to all academic and non-academic researchers, aficionados, and readers interested in Spiritualism, the occult and allied parasciences.”

Here are examples of some of the books available in the collection.

Adair, Viscount. [1859]. Experiences in Spiritualism with D.D. Home. London: Thomas Scott.

Alderson, J. (1823). An Essay on Apparitions (Rev. ed.). London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.

Alexander, P.P. (1871). Spiritualism: A Narrative with a Discussion. Edinburgh: William P. Nimmo.

Alexander Spiritualism

Anonymous. (1790). A Plain and Rational Account of the Natura and Effects of Animal Magnetism. London: W. and J. Strafford.

Anonymous. (1808). The Theory of Dreams. (Vol. 1). London: F.C. and J.  Rivington.

Belden, L.W. (1834). An Account of Jane C. Rider, the Springfield Somnambulist. Springfield: G. and C. Merriam.

Belden Jane Rider

Buchanan, J. (1842). Sketches of Buchanan’s Discoveries in Neurology. Louisville: J. Eliot.

Cadwell, C. (1842). Facts in Mesmerism. Louisville, KY: Prentice and Weissinger.

Calmet, A. (1850. The Phantom World. Philadelphia: A. Hart.

Chase, W. (1867). The Gist of Spiritualism. Boston: William White.

Colquhoun, J.C. (1836). Isis Revelata: An Inquiry into the Origin, Progress, and Present State of Animal Magnetism  (Vol. 1). Edinburgh: McLachlan  and Stewart.

Colquhoun Isis Revelata

Cooper, R. (1867). Spiritual Experiences. London: Heywood.

Dailey, A.H. (1894). Mollie Fancher, The Brooklyn Enigma. Brooklyn, NY: Press of Eagle Book Printing Department.

Dupotet de Sennevoy, Baron. (1838). An Introduction to the Study of Animal Magnetism. London: Saunders & Oatley.

Durant, C.F. (1837). Exposition, or a New Theory of Animal Magnetism. New York: Wiley & Putnam.

Ferriar, J. (1813). An Essay Towards a Theory of Apparitions. London: Printed for Cadell and Davies by J. and J. Haddock, Warrington.

Ferriar Apparitions

Herring, C. (1833). A Concise View of the Rise and Progress of Homoepathic Medicine. Philadelphia: Hahnemannean Society.

Macnish, R. (1834). The Philosophy of Sleep (First American ed,). New York: D. Appleton.

Mais, C. (1814). The Surprising Case of Rachel Baker, Who Prays and Preaches in Her Sleep (2nd ed.). New York: Whiting and Watson.

Newnham, W. (1830). Essay on Superstition: Being an Inquiry into the Effects of Physical Influence on the Mind. London: J. Hatchard and Son.

Oliver, G. (1823). The Antiquities of Free-Masonry. London: G. and W.B. Whittaker.

Sargent, E. (1869). Planchette; or, the Despair of Science. Boston: Roberts Brothers.

Sargent Planchette

Sibly, E. (1826). A New and Complete Illustration of of the Celestial Science of Astrology. London: Printed by, and sold by the Proprietor.

Swedenborg, E. (1796). The Wisdom of the Angels Concerning the Divine Providence. Boston: Isiah Thomas and Ebenezer T. Andrews.

Taylor, J. (1815). Apparitions; or, the Mystery of Ghosts, Hobgoblins, and Haunted Houses, Developed (2nd ed.). London: Lackington, Allen & Co.

Tregotha, J. (n.d.). News from the Invisible World, or. Interesting Anectotes of the Dead. Burslem: J. Tregortha.

Young, L. (1842). The Entranced Female. London: T.M. Inchbold.

Young Entranced Female

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Dr. Dean Radin

Dr. Dean Radin

There are several online pages that present articles about many parapsychology topics. In a previous posting I discussed one organized by Dean Radin . I will start this series of comments with a selection of articles available in my page  and will cover other pages in later blogs.

Here are some of the articles available. I have organized them in three sections: Surveys of Psychic Experiences, history of parapsychology, and other topics. For additional articles click here.

Surveys of Psychic Experiences

Dr. Nancy L. Zingrone

Dr. Nancy L. Zingrone

2010: (second author, with Zingrone, N.L., & Cardeña, E.) Out-of-body experiences, physical body activity and posture: Responses from a survey conducted in Scotland. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198, 163-165. Click here.

2009: (second author with N.L. Zingrone, and N. Agee). Psychological correlates of aura vision: Psychic experiences, dissociation, absorption, and synaesthesia-like experiences. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37, 131-168. Click here.

2003: (First author with N.L. Zingrone). Exploring the factors related to the aftereffects of out-of-body experiences. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 67.3, 161-183. Click here.

1999: (First author with N.L. Zingrone). Out-of-body experiences among readers of a Spanish New Age magazine. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 63, 65-85. Click here.

1998-99: (First author with N.L. Zingrone). A study of the features of out-of-body experiences in relation to Sylvan Muldoon’s claims. European Journal of Parapsychology, 14,  89-99. Click here.

Sylvan Muldoon

Sylvan Muldoon

1998-99: (Second author, with N.L. Zingrone & K. Dalton). Psi experiences and the “Big Five”: Relating the NEO-PI-R to the experience claims of experimental subjects. European Journal of Parapsychology, 14, 31-51. Click here.

1994: (First author with N.L. Zingrone) Individual differences in aura vision: relationships to visual imagery and imaginative fantasy experiences. European Journal of Parapsychology, 10,1-30. Click here.

History of Parapsychology

2012: (First author, with R. Evrard). The psychic sciences in France: Historical notes on the Annales des Sciences Psychiques. Journal of Scientific Explorarion, 26, 117-140. Click here.

Annales des Sciences Psychiques 1916

Dr. J.B. Rhine

Dr. J.B. Rhine

2011: Prescribing for parapsychology: Note on J. B. Rhine’s writings in the Journal of Parapsychology. Australian Journal of Parapsychology, 11, 89-99. Click here.

2011: Eusapia Palladino: An autobiographical essay. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 25, 77-101. Click here.

2011: (First author with M. Nahm). Psychic phenomena and the vital force: Hereward Carrington on “Vital energy and psychical phenomena.” Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 75, 91-103. Click here.

Hereward Carrington

Hereward Carrington

Dr. Julian Ochorowicz

Dr. Julian Ochorowicz

 2009: Modern animal magnetism: The work of Alexandre Baréty, Émile Boirac, and Julian Ochorowicz. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37, 1-15. Click here.

2002: Dissociation in Britain during the late nineteenth century: The Society for Psychical Research, 1882-1900. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 3, 9-33. Click here.

Proceedings SPR

2006: Human radiations: Concepts of force in mesmerism, spiritualism and psychical research. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 70, 138-162. Click here.

PF Logo2001: (first author, with E. Coly, L. Coly, and N.L. Zingrone). Fifty years of supporting parapsychology: The Parapsychology Foundation (1951-2001). International Journal of Parapsychology, 12, 1-26. Click here.

Other Topics

2009: Leonora E. Piper online: Some Web resources. Psypioneer, 5, 87-92. Click here.

Leonora Piper

Leonora Piper

2008: Mesmerism online: A bibliographic review. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 36, 115-120. Click here.

2007: Bibliography of books and articles about mesmerism, Spiritualism, psychical research, and related topics in Google Book Search. Psypioneer, 3, 113-120. Click here.

Mesmeric Healing

Mesmeric Healing

2006: Neglected Near-Death Phenomena. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 24, 131-151. Click here.

1996: Exploring the features of spontaneous psychic experiences. European Journal of Parapsychology, 12, 61-74. Click here.

1996: Hacia una parapsicologia cientifica en America Latina [Towards a scientific parapsychology in Latin America]. Revista Argentina de Psicologia Paranormal, 7, 223-234. Click here.

1982:  ESP during out-of-body experiences: A review of experimental studies. Journal of Parapsychology, 46, 209-230. Click here.

1981: (Second author, with A. Martínez-Taboas) Poltergeist agents: A review of research trends and conceptualizations. European Journal of Parapsychology, 4, 99-110. Click here.


Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center 

The digital collections of the State Library of Victoria in Australia  have a useful virtual offering of materials. According to their website:

“Hundreds of thousands of Library items have been digitised so far, including photographs, maps, rare 19th-century pamphlets, glass plate negatives and rare artworks on paper.

The Library is committed to continuing this program of digitisation, and by last year had digitised 43 per cent of our unique Victorian material: 49,741 heritage items and 233,098 Victorian items have been digitised and made available online.”

Here are some relevant titles about spiritualism and other topics related to psychic phenomena.

Alderson, J. (1823). An essay on apparitions, in which their appearance is accounted for by causes wholly independent of preternatural agency (rev. ed.). London : Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.

Alderson Apparitions

Britten E.H. (ca 1871). On the Spirit Circle and the Laws of Mediumship. London: J. Burns.

Brotherton, E. (1860). Spiritualism, Swedenborg, and the New Church. London: W. White.

Coleman, B. (1871). The Rise and Progress of Spiritualism in England. London: Beveridge & Fraser.

Cox, E.W. (1872). Spiritualism Answered by Science (rev. ed.). London: Longman.

Cox Spiritualism Answered by Science

Crowell, E. (1877). Spiritualism and Insanity. Boston: Colby & Rich.

Edmonds, J.W. (1858). Spiritualism, as Demonstrated from Ancient and Modern History (Spiritual Tracts No. 9). New York: N.p.

John W. Edmonds

John W. Edmonds

Edwards, W. (1850). Mesmerism: Its Practice and Phenomena. Melbourne: John Hunter.

Fournier D’Albe, E.E. (1922). The Goligher Circle, May to August 1921. London : John M. Watkins.

Hazard, T. (n.d.). Indispensable Information for Those Who Desire Investigate Spiritualism: Mediums and Mediumship. London: J. Burns.

Hulme, H. (1899). Is Spiritualism Opposed to Christianity, or Christianity Defended. Melbourne: M.L.Hutchinson.

Lodge, O. (1930). Conviction of Survival. London: Methuen.

Oliver J. Lodge

Oliver J. Lodge

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Those of you interested in the old literature about psychic phenomena will find much of interest in the books and articles available in the digital library Google Books .  The library contains scanned facsimile files of thousands of books and journals, some of which are relevant to parapsychology and can be freely downloaded.

Zoist 3There are several issues of relevant journals in the collection. This includes issues of the Zoist (Vol 7, March 1849-January 1850), and of the Proceedings and Journal of the Society for Psychical Research and the American Society for Psychical Research.PSPR Vol. 1                                                                           Annals Psychical ScienceThe collection has many other relevant journals, among them some issues of the Annals of Psychical Science and the Annales des Sciences PsychiquesFacts, Journal du Magnétisme, Spiritual Magazine, Psychical Review,   Psychische Studien, and Revue Spirite. In addition, there are many issues of journals and magazines with relevant articles, such as the Revue Philosophique de la France et de l’Étranger, which had several papers on psychical research.

Spiritual Magazine 1862

Psychische Studien

Emma Hardinge

Emma Hardinge

Some works valuable for the historical study of the subject include William Howitt’s The History of the Supernatural (1863), Emma Hardinge’s Modern   American Spiritualism (1870), and Frank Podmore’s Modern Spiritualism (1902). Furthermore, the   collection has three of the four volume collection of Louis Figuier’s Histoire du merveilleux dans les temps moderne (1860).

Hardinge Modern Spiritualism cover

Figuier Histoire

The collection has many important classics. Some of them are Carl Ludwig, Baron Reichenbach’s Physico-Physiological Researches on the Dynamics of Magnetism, Electricity, Heat, Light, Crystallization, and Chemism, and their Relation to Vital Force (1850), Agénor de Gasparin’ Des tables tournantes (1855), William Denton and Elizabeth Denton’s Nature’s Secrets or Psychometric Researches (1863), William Crookes’ Researches in the Phenomena of Spiritualism (1874), Preliminary Report of the Commission Appointed by the University of Pennsylvania to Investigate Modern Spiritualism (1887), Théodore Flournoy’s Des Indes à la Planète Mars (1900), and Frederic W. H. Myers’ Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death (1903).Crookes Researches cover

Denton and Denton Nature's Secrets



Hereward Carrington

Hereward Carrington

Among books surveying psychical research I will mention: Hereward Carrington’s The Coming Science (1908), Camille Flammarion’s Mysterious Psychic Forces (1909), Cesare Lombroso’s After Death—What? (1909), Joseph Maxwell’s Metapsychical Phenomena (1905), and Frank Podmore’s Studies in Psychical Research   (1897).

Carrington The Coming Science


Flammarion Mysterious Psychic Forces 2

Julian Ochorowicz

Julian Ochorowicz

Many aspects of ESP are discussed by Julian Ochorowicz in his Mental Suggestion (1891),   and by Frank Podmore in Apparitions and Thought-Transference (1894). Both books include the work of the SPR and work conducted in Europe such as Charles Richet’s. The latter’s classic paper, “La Suggestion Mentale et le Calcul des Probabilités,” published in the Revue Philosophique de la France et de l’Étranger (1884) is also in the collection. Many of the early experiments on thought-transference published in the PSPR are   available.

Ochorowicz Mental Suggestion

Podmore Apparitions and Thought-Transference

Camille Flammarion

Camille Flammarion

The holdings of this digital library also include many materials about spontaneous experiences. Two   important ones produced by members of the Society for Psychical Research are Gurney, Myers and Podmore’s Phantasms of the Living (2 vols, 1886) and  H. Sidgwick et al.’s “Report on the Census   of Hallucinations,” published in the PSPR (1894). An influential  study, particularly in France, was Camille Flammarion’s L’inconnu: The Unknown (1900).

Phantasms of the Living 3

This copy belonged to Richard Hodgson

This copy belonged to Richard Hodgson

Leonora E. Piper

Leonora E. Piper

There are also many works about different aspects of mediumship. Among those published in the PSPR are the series of papers about Leonora E. Piper “A Record of Observations of Certain Phenomena of Trance,” (1890), with sections by Frederic W. H. Myers, Oliver Lodge, Walter Leaf, and William   James. Other papers include those of Myers, such as “Automatic Writing—II” (PSPR, 1885). There is much about mediumship in Theodore Flournoy’s Spiritism and Psychology (1911), James H. Hyslop’s Contact with the Other World (1919), and Oliver J. Lodge’s The Survival of Man (1920). Physical mediumship is represented in the above mentioned books by De Gasparin and Crookes, as well as in James Coates Photographing the Invisible (1911), and W. J. Crawford’s Experiments in Psychical Science (1919). An overview, with   emphasis on fraud, is Hereward Carrington’s The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism (1920).

Hyslop Contact with the Other World

Lodge Survival of Man cover

The collection also has many other relevant works, as well as holdings about mesmerism, hypnotism, spiritualism, and dissociation in general.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Well-known psi researcher Dr. Dean Radin  has prepared a page with links to articles about various parapsychological topics. Most of the papers are reports of research, but there are some about general discussions and critiques. It is available here.

Dr. Dean Radin

Dr. Dean Radin

Dr. Radin explained his motivation to compile these materials in his blog. As he wrote:

“Critics are fond of saying that there is no scientific evidence for psi. They wave their fist in the air and shout, ‘Show me the evidence!’ Then they turn red and have a coughing fit. In less dramatic cases a student might be genuinely curious and open-minded, but unsure where to begin to find reliable evidence about psi . . . In the past, my response to the ‘show me’ challenge has been to give the titles of a few books to read, point to the bibliographies in those books, and advise the person to do their homework. I still think that this is the best approach for a beginner tackling a complex topic. But given the growing expectation that information on virtually any topic ought to be available online within 60 seconds, traditional methods of scholarship are disappearing fast.”

Consequently, he compiled this resource and organized it under the following topics:

Healing at a Distance

Physiological Correlations at a Distance


General Overviews and Critiques

Mediumship & Survival of Consciousness

Precognition and Presentiment


Mind-Matter Interaction

Potential Applications

Websites with Access to Articles

In addition, there are sections about books and videos.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center (

The International Association for the Preservation of Spiritualist and Occult Periodicals (; is to be commended for preserving and making available online to the public free of charge the contents of many spiritualist, psychic and occult newspapers, magazines, and journals.


As their website says:

“The IAPSOP was formed in late 2009, as it became apparent to the founding group of spiritualist and occult researchers that (a) the repository libraries traditionally expected to retain spiritualist and occult periodicals were in many cases removing these from circulation, or from their collections entirely; (b) that independent students and researchers were in some cases duplicating effort and expense to have materials preserved digitally, largely for their private use; and (c) that digital libraries like Google Books were completely indifferent to the special curatorial problems of periodical literature.

The IAPSOP Archives are maintained by the IAPSOP — an informal collection of students, academics and researchers with an interest in the periodical literature of Spiritualism and the occult, for the purposes of preserving the substantial body of Spiritualist and occult periodical literature produced between the 1840s and the start of the Second World War. These materials are provided in curated, digital form, already indexed, suitable for online reading, scholarly use and citation.

As with all such open source archival projects, the IAPSOP provides these materials for their historical value; no endorsement of any position is implied by the provision of particular materials in the Archive, and the IAPSOP makes no warrantees as to the fitness of these materials for any particular purpose other than historical research.

The IAPSOP receives no funds from any organization, and relies exclusively on the contribution of material, labor and money from its users.”

IAPSOP’s archives ( has many fascinating titles. Some examples are:

Annals of Psychical Science  (1905-1909)

Annals Psychical Science

Banner of Light  (1857-1894)

British Spiritual Telegraph  (1857-1859)

Christian Spiritualist  (1854-1856)

Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research  (1907-1922)

Journal of the Society for Psychical Research  (1882-1890)

Journal SPR

Light  (1881-1890, 1911)

Occult and Biological Journal  (1900-1902)

Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research  (1907-1922)

Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research  (1882-1890)

Proceedings SPR

Psychological Review  (1881-1882)

Religio-Philosophical Journal  (1874-1888)

Spirit Messenger  (1850-1851)

Spiritual Magazine  (1860-1870)

Zoist  (1843-1848)

Zoist 3

I have used this digital library repeatedly. For example in a paper I am writing about observations of, and ideas about, mediumistic materialization I have delved into the Banner of Light, published in Boston, and cited such articles as the following:

  • Brittan, S.B. (1880, July 3). Our spiritual guests: How they become visible and  tangible. Banner of Light, pp. 1-2.
  • Britten, E.H. (1875b, October 2). On the materialization of temporary re-incarnation of a spirit in a material body. Banner of Light, pp. 1-2.
  • Denton, W. (1875, October 16). Casts of spirit hands. Banner of Light, p. 2.
  • Hatch, A.L. (1880, December 18). Remarkable materialisation scenes: A spirit’s birthday festival on earth participated in by the spirit. Banner of Light, p. 1.
  • Hazard, T.R. (1881, February 12). A striking manifestation of spirit power over matter. Banner of Light, p. 2.
  • Richmond, C.L.V. (1877, June 9). Is materialization true? If so, its philosophy. Banner of Light, p. 2.

Banner of Light

To contribute to IAPSOP’s valuable work please go here