Category: Digital Resources

Experimental Parapsychology in the Psi Encyclopedia

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Research Fellow, Parapsychology Foundation

In previous blogs i have discussed the Psi Encyclopedia, an online reference work sponsored by the Society for Psychical Research (Click here and here).  The encyclopedia, which is work in progress, keeps growing.

I am glad to see that one of the areas that is growing is experimental parapsychology. Here are some recent entries (posted in 2017) about this area:

DMILS in Distance Healing Research (by Marilyn Schlitz)

Marilyn Schlitz

Dr. Marilyn Schlitz

Experimental Parapsychology in Europe (Michael Duggan)

Experimenter Effects (John Palmer)

John Palmer 3

Dr. John Palmer

Ganzfeld (Adrian Parker)

Meta-Analysis in Parapsychology (Lance Storm)

Remote Viewing (Stephan Schwartz)

Stephan Schwartz

Stephan Schwartz

Experimental Parapsychology in the UK (Michael Duggan)

In future posts i will present information about other topics covered by this reference work.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Research Fellow, Parapsychology Foundation

On September 17, 2016, I posted about the Psi Encyclopedia, a project organized by Robert McLuhan on behalf of the Society for Psychical Research (for my blog click here). Since then, several other entries have been added, as you can see below.

Psi Encyclopedia

Robert Mcluhan 4

Robert McLuhan

The following are some of the new additions. I have arranged them by title (in alphabetical order).

Karen Wehrstein:  Adult Past-Life Memories Research

Stephen E. Braude: Antonia (Case Study Analysis)

Steve Braude 4

Stephen E. Braude

Peter Hallson: Ghosts and Apparitions in Psi Research (Overview)

Leslie Price: The Hodgson Report (Theosophy)

Carlos S. Alvarado: Human Radiations

Caroline Watt: Koestler Parapsychology Unit

Caroline Watt 2

Caroline Watt

Karen Wehrstein: James Leininger

Annekatrin Puhle: Extraordinary Light Phenomena

Annekatrin Puhle: Lucid Dreaming

Karen Wehrstein: Ma Tin Aung Myo

Lance Storm: Meta-Analysis in Parapsychology

Lance Storm

Lance Storm

Karen Wehrstein: Nazih Al-Danaf

Bernard Carr and Caroline Watt: Parapsychology PhDs in the UK (list)

Carlos S. Alvarado: The Phenomena of Astral Projection (1951)

James G. Matlock: Patterns in Reincarnation Cases


James G. Matlock

Renaud Evrard: Psi Research in France

Stephan Schwarz: Remote Viewing

James G. Matlock: Replacement Reincarnation

Carlos S. Alvarado: Richet’s ‘La Suggestion Mentale’

Carlos S. Alvarado 10

Carlos S. Alvarado

Rupert Sheldrake (compiled by Guy Hayward): The Sense of Being Stared At – Experimental Evidence

Rupert Sheldrake (compiled by Guy Hayward): The Sense of Being Stared At – Implications for Theories of Vision

Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert Sheldrake

Lance Storm: The Sheep-Goat Effect

Stephen E. Braude: The Super-Psi Hypothesis

Michael Nahm: Terminal Lucidity

Michael Nahm 2

Michael Nahm

Karen Wehrstein: Sharada

Stephen E. Braude: Transplant Cases Considered as Evidence for Postmortem Survival

As you can see the Encyclopedia keeps growing. I am glad to see more entries about important concepts such as the super-psi hypothesis and basic phenomena (ghosts and apparitions), not to mention topics from experimental parapsychology (sheep-goat effect, meta-analysis).

As I said before, there is a need for coverage of more experimental topics and modern researchers. But bear in mind this is work in progress. I am aware that the Encyclopedia editor, Robert McLuhan, is trying to get writers for many other topics, something that is not easy because, for various reasons, not everyone can write for the project.

I would like to end citing some comments Robert McLuhan sent to me in a recent email:

“The reincarnation section is developing strongly, which I’m pleased about, as I think this constitutes some exceptional evidence. We also have good recent pieces from Stephan Schwarz on Remote Viewing and from Adrian Parker on the Ganzfeld, and there will be more on the experimental side during the course of the year (DMILS, Experimenter Effects, Stargate, Replication Issues, etc). One project which I’ve been giving some thought to is to include profiles of contemporary researchers, which I hope will start to happen later in the year. “

“On the development side, there’ll be a few minor additions, for instance a function that lists articles written by particular contributors, and another that gives a handy citation for articles that authors can cut and paste into their writings. Now that we’ve built up a fairly substantial library of images, I’ve been giving thought to redeveloping the home page, making it more reflective of recent additions.”

“We’re not as busy on the publicity side as I’d like, simply for lack of time. So please do spread the word in any way you can, linking to articles on your posts, tweeting, etc. And I’m always happy to hear from people in the psi research community with comments and ideas.”

Ideas and suggestions may be sent to Mr. McLuhan here.

The Parapsychology Foundation YouTube Channel

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Research Fellow, Parapsychology Foundation

PF logo 2

The Parapsychology Foundation, directed by Lisette Coly, has set up a YouTube Channel that has several videos of lectures and other events they have sponsored.

Lisette Coly

Lisette Coly with bust of Eileen Garrett

Some of the videos are:

About the PF

PF Library Visit


PF Library


PF Library

PF Perspective Lectures

Global Consciousness?, by Roger Nelson

Roger Nelson

Dr. Roger Nelson

 Dueling Psychics: Edgar Cayce & Eileen J. Garrett, by Sidney Kirkpatrick

 Emotions and ESP, by Richard Broughton

Taking Spirit Seriously, by Charles T. Tart

Charley Tart

Dr. Charles T. Tart

Classic Lyceum Lectures (lectures on various topics)

What is Parapsychology, by Carlos S. Alvarado

So You Want to be a Parapsychologist?, by Carlos S. Alvarado, Dr. Michaeleen Maher, Dr. Robert L. Morris, Dr. Rex G. Stanford and Dr. Nancy L. Zingrone

Part 1        Part 2

Rex Stanford

Dr. Rex Stanford

Nancy Zingrone 3

Dr. Nancy L. Zingrone

How To Sit with a Medium, by Tony Cornell

 Parapsychology International Affiliates Conference

Moderator: Nancy L. Zingrone, PhD

Opening Session, Lisette Coly and Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD

Parapsychology in Brazil: The History from the 1970s Till Today, by Fátima Machado and Wellington Zangari

Fatima 2015

Dr. Fatima R. Machado

Wellington Zangari 3

Dr. Wellington Zangari

Parapsychology Research and Education in the UK by Chris Roe, PhD

Parapsychological Research in Japan since the 1970s by Hideyuki Kokubo

 Research in Parapsychology in Argentina (1980-2015) by Alejandro Parra, PhD


Dr. Alejandro Parra

 Parapsychology Foundation Book Expo 2015

Parapsychology Foundation Book Expo 2015 Logo

 Opening, Lisette Coly

 Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century, by Etzel Cardeña, PhD

 Cardena et al Parapsychology

 The Witch of Lime Street, by David Jaher

 Jaher Witch of Lime Street

Beyond Physicalism, by Edward F. Kelly, PhD

Kelly Beyond Physicalism

 Aldous Huxley’s Hands, by Allene Symons

Symons Aldous Huxley's Hands

Return to Life, by Jim Tucker, M.D.

 Tucker Return to Life

 Extrasensory Perception, by Edward C. May, PhD

May Extrasensory

 Final Session, by Lisette Coly

ParaMOOC 2016

(several other videos of this course will be posted soon)

 Opening Session

Recent Work About the History of Parapsychology: An Overview, by Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD

 Anastasia Damalas, Goncalo Veiga, and Nancy L. Zingrone, all PF staff, are currently preparing other videos to be uploaded to YouTube. So subscribe to the channel or check it regularly to see additions.

Anastasia Damalas

Anastasia Damalas, PF staff and daughter of Lisette Coly.

For information about the PF past history check their website and this article.

Nineteenth-Century Books About American Spiritualism*

Carlos S. Alvarado, Ph.D., Research Fellow, Parapsychology Foundation

The early literature of American spiritualism is so vast that it is not possible to summarize it here properly. Nonetheless I will present a few comments about selected publications, all of which are freely available in various virtual libraries  (click herehere, and here).

A particularly good book giving a general account of the events and phenomena of early American spiritualism is Eliab W. Capron’s Modern Spiritualism (Boston: Bela Marsh, 1855). The opening words of the preface are: “We find ‘the world turned upside-down’ by a new and strange class of manifestations called spiritual. Like most new thoughts of modern times, America gave it birth; but it has since spread all over the globe, and awakened new and novel inquiries wherever man understands the means of communicating to his fellows the discoveries he has made” (p. v). Capron chronicles developments coming from the Fox sisters but the most interesting part of his book are the descriptions of the spread of mediumship in the United States.

Capron Modern Spiritualism

 In another book, entitled Explanation and History of the Mysterious Capron and Barron ExplanationCommunion with Spirits Capron and Henry D. Barron (2nd ed., Auburn, NY: Capron and Barron,1850) presented an account of the mysterious knockings that gave a big impetus to the development of spiritualism, and centered on the Fox sisters. The knockings were first heard by the Fox family. According to the description of an early incident:

“The girls . . . heard the sounds and endeavored to imitate them by snapping their fingers. The attempt was first made by the youngest girl, then about twelve years old. When she made the noise with her fingers, the sounds were repeated just as many times as she made them. The sound was not like that which she made, only the number of raps. When she stopped snapping her fingers, the sounds stopped for a short time. One of the other girls then said in sport, ‘Now do what I do; count one, two, three, four, five, six,’ &c., at the same time striking one hand in the other. The same number of blows or sounds, were repeated as in the other case. As this slight manifestation of intelligence was displayed, she began to be alarmed, and desisted from trying any more experiments. Mrs. Fox then said, ‘count ten,’ and there were ten distinct strokes or sounds. She then said, will you tell the age of Cathy, (one of the children,) and it was answered by the same number of raps that she was years of age. In like manner, the age of her different children was told correctly by this unseen visitor” (pp. 13-14).

Fox Sisters 6

Clark Plain Guide to SpiritualismA general discussion of the phenomenal, theoretical, and social aspects of spiritualism was Uriah Clark’s Plain Guide to Spiritualism (Boston: William White, 1863). Regarding the variety of mediums Clark cautioned readers that there were so many types of mediums, and so many combinations, that a reliable classification was not possible. Nonetheless he presented the following long list:

“1. The rapping medium was the first developed in this age of spiritual manifestations. We name other phases without regard to order or gradation. 2. The tipping medium. 3. The medium for raising ponderable bodies, sometimes with and sometimes without hands in contact. 4. The musical medium, with instruments and without. 5. The medium for spirit voices, without using the vocal organs, and sometimes with. 6. Writing medium, sometimes by impression and sometimes mechanically. 7. The trance medium, sometimes conscious and sometimes otherwise. 8. Vibrating medium, sometimes shaken and convulsed, and sometimes lifted or impelled without any seeming volition. 9. The transfigured medium, thrilled, exalted and enchanted under celestial influences. 10. Personification medium, imitating words, looks, tones and actions of spirits. 11. Sensation medium, made to feel signals and touches by spirits. 12. Clairvoyant medium, describing persons, spirits, diseases, etc. 13. Healing medium, for the laying on of hands. 14 Painting medium, producing pictures and portraits. 15. Hieroglyphic medium, executing strange scrolls. 16. The medium for unknown tongues, sometimes writing and sometimes speaking. 17. Impressional medium, liable to take on impressions from mortals and from spirits. 18. The clairaudant medium, for hearing spirit sounds and voices. 19. The vision medium, dealing in tropes, symbols, etc., like the Apocalypse. 20. Seeing medium, describing spirit-scenes and forms. 21. The telegraphic medium, sending messages to absent persons, without writing or speaking. 22. Developing medium, imparting influences to develop other mediums. 23. Prophetic medium, giving warnings and predictions. 24. Illuminatti medium, presenting spirit lights. 25. Itinerant medium, sent out after the sick, suffering, tempted, fallen, dying, etc. 26. The psychological medium, liable to be influenced by persons in the form, and subjected to impositions, counterfeits, etc. 27. The psychographic medium, reading persons at a distance, with letters, locks of hair, etc. 28. The speaking medium, speaking under influence, some conscious and some unconscious. 29. The inspirational medium, thinking, feeling, acting, writing, and speaking under a vivid consciousness of the reality of things spiritual, divine and eternal, yet in full possession of all the senses. 30. The improvisation medium, giving music or poetry without premeditation, under spirit influence. 31. The normal medium, without any external signs, realizing the all-pervading atmosphere of the spirit-world with a calm, deep consciousness of angel guardianship” (pp. 169-171).

Judge John W. Edmonds

Judge John W. Edmonds

Many other books presented examples of the fascinating phenomena of spiritualism. Judge John W. Edmonds and physician George T. Dexter, were both investigators and mediums, as seen in the first volume of their Spiritualism (New York: Partridge & Brittan, 1853). The first received visions and the second produced automatic writing. Edmonds wrote about Dexter’s written communications coming from Swedenborg and Bacon:

“All that purports to come from Bacon is always in the same

George T. Dexter, M.D.

George T. Dexter, M.D.

handwriting; so it is with Sweedenborg (sic). The handwriting of each is unlike the other, and though both are written by Dr. Dexter’s hand, they are both unlike his; so that with ease, when he is under the influence, he writes several different kinds of handwriting, and some of them more rapidly than he can write his own. This he can not do when he is not under the influence; and I have never seen any person that could, in his normal condition, write with such rapidity, at one sitting, four or five different kinds of handwriting, each distinctly marked, and having and always retaining its peculiar characteristic” (p. 50).

Edmonds Dexter Spiritualism 1853 2

Later in the book there are facsimile reproductions of Dexter’s handwriting, and of his writing as Swedenborg, Bacon and other purported spirits (pp. 387-392).

Edmonds Dexter Dexter writing

Dexter's writing (top), Swedenborg through Dexter, bottom.

Dexter’s writing (top), Swedenborg through Dexter, bottom.

In Spiritualism in America (London: F. Pitman, 1861), published in England, Benjamin Coleman presented the experiences he had with mediums during his visit to the States. A case in point were his experiences with Miss Lord, a physical medium in Portland, Maine. They formed a chain around a large table and musical instruments were placed on a nearby table. According to Coleman the following took place in complete darkness:

“The first manifestation arose from the unseen agents handling the guitar, Coleman Spiritualism in Americawhich was whisked about with great celerity over and around our heads, whilst a quick negro air was capitally played upon it the whole time the instrument was floating about us. I was touched by it on the head playfully several times, and once it rested on my shoulder, the air still continuing, with the strings so close to my ear that they struck me in their vibration” (p. 11).

Dr. Robert Hare

Dr. Robert Hare

Many communications were about philosophical and moral topics of various sorts, as seen in the works received by mediums. This literature includes Charles Linton’s The Healing of the Nations (New York: Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge, 1855) and Charles Hammond’s  Light from the Spirit World (Rochester, NY: W. Heughes, 1852). The latter has chapters about miracles, prophecy, deceiving spirits, wisdom, repentance, and forgiveness. Some interesting mediumistic communications about “spiritual birth,” or the transition between death and life in the spirit world, were presented by Robert Hare in his Experimental Investigation of the Spirit Manifestations (New York: Partridge & Brittan, 1855).

Hare Experimental Investigations cover

Hatch Discourses on ReligionSome of the communications were about philosophical, moral and scientific topics delivered at the request of the public. This was the case of trance speaker Cora L.V. Hatch, as seen in her Discourses on Religion, Morals, Philosophy, and Metaphysics (New York: B.F. Hatch, 1858). Some of the topics of the “discourses” were: Why is man ashamed to acknowledge his alliance to the angel-world, the sources of human knowledge, the beauty of life and the life of beauty, Jesus of Nazareth, the moral and religious nature of man, spiritual communications, and the spheres. Hatch stated in one of her speeches:

“The question is asked: Why are the communications of the spirits so vague, and conveyed in so mysterious a manner as to leave doubts, on the mind, of their being genuine?’ First, if modern spiritualism be true, and if there is a principle by which those in the spirit-world can communicate with persons on the earth, it is controlled by a fixed and positive law; that law as certain when applied correctly, and as uncertain when applied incorrectly, as is telegraphic communication between New York and Washington. If a man along any portion of the route cut the wire, your telegraphic message will stop at that point; or, if there is any fault in the operator, your message will be sent incorrectly. It is the same in communications between this and the spirit world. There are lines of thought and feeling; minds, and tables, and chairs, are but the wires which they use to convey their thoughts. You are at one end of that telegraphic chain, your spirit-friend at, the other. If there is no intervening influence, the message will be conveyed; if, in any way, the line of communication is disturbed, the message will be incorrectly given . . . .” (pp. 264-265).

Cora Hatch

Cora Hatch

Also interesting were the various descriptions of the spirit world obtained via

Hudson Tuttle

Hudson Tuttle

psychic means. This included, but was not limited to, Hudson Tuttle’s Scenes in the Spirit World (New York: Partridge and Brittan, 1855)  and Andrew Jackson Davis A Stellar Key to the Summer Land (5th ed., Boston: Colby & Rich, 1867). The latter wrote in his book: “The Spiritual Spheres have been recently termed Summer Lands, and there are, counting man’s earthly existence the first sphere of spirit life, in all six spheres in the ascending flight toward Deity, who fills the Seventh Sphere . . .” (p. 66).

Davis Stellar Key cover

Davis' Spiritual Spheres

Davis’ Spiritual Spheres

Robert Dale Owen

Robert Dale Owen

Another influential and widely discussed book was social reformer and politician Robert Dale Owen’s Footfalls on the Boundary of Another World (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1860). Instead of mediumship, Owen discussed phenomena such as veridical dreams, apparitions, and hauntings. He referred to the agency of invisible beings affecting our world:

“As to the proofs of the agency upon earth of these Invisibles, I rest them not on any one class of observations set forth in this volume, not specially on the phenomena of dreaming, or of unexplained disturbances, or of apparitions whether of the living or the dead, or of what seem examples of ultramundane retribution or indications of spiritual guardianship, but upon the aggregate and concurrent evidence of all these. It is strong confirmation of any theory that proofs converging from many and varying classes of phenomena unite in establishing it” (pp. 508-509).

Owen Footfalls

Brittan Richmond DiscussionSeveral books were about explanations of the phenomena of spiritualism. A fascinating one was Samuel B. Brittan’s and B.W. Richmond’s A Discussion of the Facts and Philosophy of Ancient and Modern Spiritualism (New York: Partridge & Brittan, 1853). This consisted in a debate around the physical and mental phenomena of spiritualism in which Brittan represented discarnate agency and Richmond the argument that the Od force could explain the occurrences without recourse to spirits of the dead. The latter point was also developed, with some variants, in other influential books such as E.C. Rogers’ Philosophy of Mysterious Agents (Boston: J.P. Jewett, 1853) John Bovee Dods’ Spirit Manifestations Examined and Explained (New York: De Witt and Davenport, 1854), and A. Mahan’s Modern Mysteries Explained and Exposed (Boston: John P. Jewett, 1855).

Rogers Philosophy 1853

Mahan Modern Mysteries

Several other authors saw spiritualism as the work of the devil. An example wasRamsey Spiritualism Satanic William Ramsey’s Spiritualism: A Satanic Delusion, and a Sign of the Times (Rochester, NY: H.L. Hastings, 1857). William R. Gordon stated in his A Three-Fold Test of Modern Spiritualism (New York: Charles Scribner, 1856):

“We have proved it a revival of heathenism . . . it is to be accredited to the devil and his angels. Its demonology and its necromancy furnish all the data we need for the estimate of its true origin, nature, and tendency . . . . To consider this phenomenon any other than the work of the devil, is as good as denying the agency, nay, the existence of the devil altogether; for if he has not done this, we should be glad to know what kind of agency he exerts, and what is the peculiarity of the evidence by which his existence is established” (pp. 400-401).

Gordon Three-Fold Test

Andrew Jackson Davis

Andrew Jackson Davis

Many other books could be mentioned, among them those authored by Andrew Jackson Davis. Some of them are The Principles of Nature (35th ed., Boston: Colby & Rich, 1847), The Philosophy of Spiritual Intercourse (New York: Fowlers and Wells, 1851), and Memoranda of Persons, Places, and Events (Boston: William White, 1868).

Davis Philosophy Spiritual Intercourse

*This is based on my article Early American spiritualism literature online. Journal of Spirituality and Paranormal Studies, 2010, 33, 94-100.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Dr. Erlendur Haraldsson is Professor Emeritus at the University of Iceland. I first met him in the mid 1980s when he was visiting the Division of Parapsychology (now Division of Perceptual Studies) of the University of Virginia, where I used to work.

Dr. Erlendur Haraldsson

Dr. Erlendur Haraldsson

In addition to the articles listed in the links below, Erlendur has published several books. Some of them are At the Hour of Death (with Karlis Osis), Modern Miracles: Sathya Sai Baba,  and The Departed Among the Living (for more information click here). 

Haraldsson Departed

Erlendur’s page has links to articles about psychic experiences and folk beliefs, apparitions, hallucinations and alleged contacts with the dead, Icelandic mediumsexperiments, Sai Baba and Indian miracle makers, and children who speak of a previous life.

His work in parapsychology has covered many areas: experiments, surveys, individual case studies, the examination of historical cases, and has ranged from documenting the occurrence and features of phenomena to studying their relationship to other things, such as psychological variables. In addition Erlendur has distinguished himself for his study of phenomena relevant to the issue of survival of death: apparitions, mediumship, and reincarnation-type cases. His work has been a valuable contribution, and one that continues to our day.




Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

This is one of the latest of a series of videos prepared by NUPES, the Nucleo de Pesquisa em Espiritualidade e Saude  (Group of Research in Spirituality and Health), which is part of the Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Federal University of Juiz de Fora) in Brazil.

Alexandre Sech Junior

Alexandre Sech Junior

It is a short presentation by Alexandre Sech Junior, entitled “History and Philosophy of Scientific Research on Spirituality.” Alexandre, who I met in Brazil and with whom I have occasional correspondence, has an M.A. In Philosophy and is pursuing a doctoral degree at the Health Sciences Department of the Federal University of Juiz de For a, Brazil (UFJF). In addition, he is a researcher at NUPES. I discussed an article he published about William James in a previous blog.

The video focuses on the following questions: “Why study historical and philosophical aspects of spirituality? To what fields of knowledge does this type of research belong? How to investigate the History and Philosophy of Scientific Research on Spirituality? What can you tell us about spiritual experiences in history?”

Nancy Zingrone logged this into two new Playlists on our YouTube Channel, Parapsychology Online, one that will provide links to the English-language NUPES videos, and another one that will provide links to resources on history and philosophy of science videos that are relevant to the scientific study of psychic phenomena. “Alexander’s video is extremely good in this regard because it provides a clear definition not only of the interdisciplinary research being done at his university, but also because it provides definitions and a glimpse into the academic study of spirituality.”

For our YouTube channel, Parapsychology Online, click here.

For the NUPES Channel on YouTube, click here.



Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Hathi TrustAnother good digital library for the old literature is Hathi Trust Digital Library. According to the website: “HathiTrust began in 2008 as a collaboration of the universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation and the University of California system to establish a repository to archive and share their digitized collections. HathiTrust has quickly expanded to include additional partners . . .  The initial focus of the partnership has been on preserving and providing access to digitized book and journal content from the partner library collections. This includes both in copyright and public domain materials digitized by Google, the Internet Archive, and Microsoft, as well as through in-house initiatives. The partners aim to build a comprehensive archive of published literature from around the world . . . The primary community that HathiTrust serves are the members (faculty, students, and users) of its partners libraries, but the materials in HathiTrust are available to all to the extent permitted by law and contracts, providing the published record as a public good to users around the world.”

Journal du Magnetisme 1845The library has many useful journals in different languages, among them: Annales des Sciences Psychiques, Annals of Psychical Science, L’Hermès: Journal du Magnétisme Animal, Journal du Magnétisme Animal, Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research, Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, Psychical Review, Revue Spirite, and Sphinx.

Psychical Review

JASPR 1907 Cover

Revue Spirite 1858 2

There are also many books about mesmerism, spiritualism and psychical research. More than other digital libraries, Hathi Trust has titles published after 1922. Here are some examples:

Allison, L.W. (1929). Leonard and Soule Experiments in Psychical Research: Also Experiments with Sanders, Brittain, Peters and Dowden. Boston: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Allison Leonard and Soule Experiments

Bennett, E.N. (1927). Apollonius; or, The Present and Future of Psychical Research. New York: E. P. Dutton.

Carrington, H. (1937). The Psychic World. New York, G. P. Putnam’s Sons.

Carrington The Psychic World

Chaney, R.G. (1946). Mediums and the Development of Mediumship. Eaton Rapids, MI: Psychic Books.

Cross, H.H.U. (1939). A Cavalcade of the Supernatural. New York, E. P. Dutton.

Cross Calvacade of the Supernatural

Dunninger, J. (1935). Inside the Medium’s Cabinet. New York: David Kemp.

Fodor, N. (1958). On the Trail of the Poltergeist. New York: Citadel Press.

Fodor On the Trail of the Poltergeist

Garland, H. (1936). Forty Years of Psychic Research. New York: Macmillan.

Hankey, M. (1963). James Hewat McKenzie: Pioneer of Psychical Research: A Personal Memoir. New York: Helix Press.

Holms, A.C. (1927). The Facts of Psychic Science and Philosophy. Jamaica, NY: Occult Press.

Holms The Facts of Psychic Science

Lambert, H.C. (1928). A General Survey of Psychical Phenomena. New York: Knickerbocker Presss.

Loehr, F. (1959). The Power of Prayer on Plants. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Morgan, S.R. (1950). Index to Psychic Science. Swathmore, PA: N.p.

Morgan Index to Psychic Science

Osborne, A.W. (1961). The Future is Now: The Significance of Precognition. New Hyde Park, NY: University Books.

Osis, K. (1961). Deathbed Observations by Physicians and Nurses (Parapsychological Monographs, No. 3). New York: Parapsychology Foundation.

Osis Deathbed Observations

Pratt, J.G., Rhine, J.B., Smith, B.M., Stuart, C.E., & Greenwood, J.A. (1940). Extra-Sensory Perception After Sixty Years: A Critical Appraisal of the Research in Extra-Sensory Perception. New York: Holt.

Prince, W.P. (1928). Noted Witnesses for Psychic Occurrences. Boston, MA: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Prince Noted Witnesses

Prince, W.F. (1930). The Enchanted Boundary: Being a Survey of Negative Reactions to Claims of Psychic Phenomena, 1820-1930. Boston, MA: Boston Society for Psychic Research.

Rhine, J.B. (1935). Extra-Sensory Perception. Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Rhine, J.B., & Pratt, J.G. (1957). Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind: A Survey of the Field, the Methods, and the Facts of ESP and PK Research. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas

Rhine Pratt Parapsychology 2

Soal, S.G., & Bateman, F. (1954). Modern Experiments in Telepathy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Taylor, W.G.L. (1936).  Katie Fox, Epochmaking Medium and the Making of the Fox-Taylor Record.  Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Thomas, J.F. (1937). Beyond Normal Cognition: An Evaluative and Methodological Study of the Mental Content of Certain Trance Phenomena. Boston: Bruce Humphries.

Thomas Beyond Normal Cognition

Walker, B. (Ed.). (1995). Out of the Ordinary: Folklore and the Supernatural. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Walker, K. (1961). The Extrasensory Mind. New York: Emerson Books.

Warrick, F.W. (1939). Experiments in Psychics: Practical Studies in Direct Writing, Supernormal Photography and Other Phenomena, Mainly with Mrs. Ada Emma Deane. New York: Dutton.

Warrick Experiments in Psychics

Westwood, H. (1949). There is a Psychic World. New York: Crown.

Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

Another very useful virtual library is Lexscien: Library of Exploratory Science , a project of the Centre for Fundamental and Anomalies Research  available by subscription. It has been developed mainly by David and Julie Rousseau , a husband and wife team who designed the system, and took care of the programing, the scanning, and other aspects, truly a great amount of work. The journals were donated by various organizations and individuals, and financial support came from the Society for Psychical Research  and the Centre for Fundamental and Anomalies Research, and from the fundraising efforts of Ed May and the Rousseau’s.


The collection, presented as image facsimiles and in plain and formatted text, is still growing. The system allows users to search using key words, to download articles, and to lift text for quotes, something I have done repeatedly.

Journal of the SPR 1885-1886The site offers historically important journals such as the Proceedings and Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, and the Journal of Parapsychology, and the Revue Métapsychique. Other more recent publications include European Journal of Parapsychology, Journal of Scientific Exploration, and Research in Parapsychology. The SPR’s magazine, Psi Researcher, the name of which changed to Paranormal Review, is also in the collection. Some of the journals are not up to date but work is in progress to catch up with the backload. Nonetheless there is much modern material available here that should appeal to serious students of psychic phenomena.

Amadou La science et le paranormal


Journal of Parapsychology


Here are a few examples of the articles available.

Alvarado, C.S. (1993). Gifted subjects’ contributions to parapsychology: The case of Eusapia Palladino. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 59, 269-292.

Barrett, W.F. (1883). On some phenomena associated with abnormal conditions of the mind. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 1, 238-244.

William Barrett

William Barrett

Birge, W.R., & Rhine, J.B. (1942). Unusual types of persons tested for ESP: 1. A professional medium. Journal of Parapsychology, 6, 85-94.

Braithwaite, J.J. (1994). Magnetic variances associated with ‘haunt-type’ experiences: a comparison using time-synchronised baseline measurements. European Journal of Parapsychology, 19, 3-28.

Braude, S.E. (1994). Psi and the nature of abilities. In E.W. Cook & D.L. Delanoy (Eds.),  Research in Parapsychology 1991 (pp. 193-219). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.

Stephen E. Braude

Stephen E. Braude

Colvin, B.J. (2008). The Andover case: A responsive rapping poltergeist. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 72, 1-20.

Hallson, P. (2002). Can we make progress in the study of apparitions? Paranormal Review, 21,   3-6.

Honorton, C. (1997). The ganzfeld novice: Four predictors of initial ESP performance. Journal of Parapsychology, 61, 143-158.

Charles Honorton

Charles Honorton

Houtkooper, J. (2003). An ESP experiment with natural and simulated sferics: Displacement scores and psychological variables. European Journal of Parapsychology, 18, 49-64.

Humphrey, B.M. (1945). ESP and intelligence. Journal of Parapsychology, 9, 7-16.

Myers, F. W. H. (1884). On a telepathic explanation of some so-called spiritualistic phenomena: Part I. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 2, 217-237.

Palmer, J. (1996). From survival to transcendence: Reflections on psi as anomalous. In E.W. Cook (Ed.), Research in Parapsychology 1992  (pp. 143-171). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.

John Palmer

John Palmer

Price, M., & Pegram, M.H. (1937). Extra-sensory perception among the blind. Journal of Parapsychology, 1, 143-155.

Radin, D.(1998). Psi hits and psi myths. In N.L. Zingrone, M.J. Schlitz, C.S. Alvarado, & J. Milton (Eds.), Research in Parapsychology 1993 (pp. 215-231). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow press.

Rhine, L.E. (1937). Some stimulus variations in extra-sensory perception with child subjects.Journal of Parapsychology, 1, 102-113.

Richet, C. (1889). Further experiments in hypnotic lucidity or clairvoyance. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 6, 66-83.

Charles Richet

Charles Richet

Richet Clairvoyance PSPR 1889

Rivas, T. (2004). Six cases of the reincarnation type in the Netherlands. Paranormal Review, 29,  17-21.

Roll, W.G. (2003). Poltergeists, electromagnetism and consciousness. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 17, 75-86.

Schrenck-Notzing, A. Von (1922). The Hopfgarten poltergeist case. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 20, 199-217.

Sidgwick, H., Johnson, A., Myers, F.W.H.. Podmore, F., & Sidgwick, E.M. (1894). Report on the Census of Hallucinations. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 10, 25-422.

Census of Hallucinations

Tart, C.T. (2003). Spiritual motivations of parapsychologists? Empirical data. Journal of Parapsychology, 67, 181-184.

Tyrrell, G.N.M. (1935). Some experiments in undifferentiated extra-sensory perception. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 29, 52-68.

Readers should consult the SPR Abstracts Catalogue (compiled by R. McLuhan and edited by Z. Weaver) that is part of Lexcien’s holdings. This presents abstracts of the content of the Journal of the Society for Psychical Research and the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research published between 1882 and 2002.

At this point there are only a few books available:

Gurney, E. , Myers, F.W.H., & Podmore, F. (1886). Phantasms of the Living (2 vols.). London: Trubner.

Phantasms of the Living vol 2

Myers, F.W.H. (1903). Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death (2 vols.) London: Longmans, Green.

Myers Human Personality 2

Osty, E. (1923). Supernormal Faculties in Man. London: Methuen.

Poynton, J.C. (Ed.). (1975). Parapsychology in South Africa. Johannesburg: South African Society for Psychical Research.

Poynton Parapsychology in South Africa

This library, a labor of love and an important contribution sustained by the Rousseau’s and others, is highly recommended. I use it frequently in my writings about parapsychology. To subscribe go here.



Carlos S. Alvarado, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

The second post of this series is about articles by members of the Division of Perceptual Studies , researchers who conduct research and write about phenomena related to the issue of survival of bodily death. The Division, part of the Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences of the University of Virginia, was founded by the late Dr. Ian Stevenson  and is currently directed by Bruce Greyson.

The website of the Division has a page presenting links to many articles, some of which appear below. In addition to articles by Stevenson and Greyson, there are some by Emily Kelly, Jim Tucker, and a few other authors. While I  am also affiliated to the Division, a selection of my online papers appear in another blog.

The following are only a few examples of the articles available in the Division’s page.  I encourage readers to check many other links to other papers in the page.

Ian Stevenson

Dr. Ian Stevenson

Dr. Ian Stevenson

A Preliminary Report on an Unusual Case of the Reincarnation Type with Xenoglossy, by Ian Stevenson and Satwant Pasricha. (Journal of the American Society of Psychical Research, 74: 331-348, 1980). (click here).

American Children Who Claim to Remember Previous Lives, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171:742-748, 1983). (click here)

The Contribution of Apparitions to the Evidence for Survival, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 76:341-358, 1982). (click here)

Cryptomnesia and Parapsychology, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 52:1-30, 1983). (click here)

Thoughts on the Decline of Major Paranormal Phenomena, by Ian Stevenson. (Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 57:149-162, 1990). (click here)

A Series of Possibly Paranormal Recurrent Dreams, by Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 6:281-289, 1992). (click here)

Bruce Greyson

Dr. Bruce Greyson

Dr. Bruce Greyson

The Phenomenology of Near-Death Experiences, by Bruce Greyson and Ian Stevenson. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 137:1193-1196, 1980). (click here)

The Near-Death Experiences Scale: Construction, Reliability, and Validity, by Bruce Greyson. (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171:369-375, 1983). (click here)

A Typology of Near-Death Experiences, by Bruce Greyson. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 142:967-969, 1985). (click here)

Dissociation in People Who Have Had Near-Death Experiences: Out of Their Bodies or Out of Their Minds?, by Bruce Greyson. (The Lancet, 355:460-63, 2000). (click here)

Implications of Near-Death Experiences for a Postmaterialist Psychology, by Bruce Greyson (Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 37-45, 2010). (click here)

Seeing Deceased Persons Not Known to Have Died: “Peak in Darien”Experiences, by Bruce Greyson. (Anthropology and Humanism, 35: 159-171, 2010). (click here)

Emily Kelly (formerly Cook)

Dr. Emily Kelly

Dr. Emily Kelly

The Survival Question: Impasse or Crux?, by Emily Williams Cook. (Journal of the American Society of Psychical Research, 81:125-139, 1986). (click here)

The Subliminal Consciousness: F.H.W. Myers’s Approach to the Problem of Survival, by Emily Williams Cook. (Journal of Parapsychology, 58:40-58, 1994). (click here)

Do Any Near-Death Experiences Provide Evidence for the Survival of Human Personality After Death? Relevant Features and Illustrative Case Reports, by Emily Williams Cook, Bruce Greyson, and Ian Stevenson. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 12:377-406, 1998). (click here)

Where Science and Religion Intersect: The Work of Ian Stevenson, by Edward F. Kelly and Emily Williams Kelly (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 22:73-80, 2008). (click here)

Some Directions for Mediumship Research, by Emily Williams Kelly. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 24:247-282, 2010). (click here)

An Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons, by Emily Williams Kelly and Dianne Arcangel (Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199:11-17, 2011). (click here)

Jim Tucker

Dr. Jim Tucker

Dr. Jim Tucker

An Unusual Birthmark Case Thought to be Linked to a Person Who Had Previously Died, by Jürgen Keil and Jim B. Tucker. (Psychological Reports, 87:1067-1074, 2000). (click here)

A Scale to Measure the Strength of Children’s Claims of Previous Lives: Methodology and Initial Findings, by Jim B. Tucker. ( Journal of Scientific Exploration, 14:571-581, 2000). (click here)

Can Cultural Beliefs Cause a Gender Identity Disorder?, by Jim B. Tucker and Jürgen Keil. (Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 13:21-30, 2001). (click here)

Ian Stevenson and Cases of the Reincarnation Type, by Jim B. Tucker (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 22: 36-43, 2008). (click here)

Children’s Reports of Past-Life Memories: A Review, by Jim B.Tucker (EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing, 4:244-248, 2008). (click here)

Experimental Birthmarks: New Cases of an Asian Practice, by Jim B. Tucker and Jürgen Keil. (Journal of Scientific Exploration, 27:263-276, 2013).(click here)


Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center

In a previous comment  I presented some examples of the journals and magazines available in the webpage of The International Association for the Preservation of Spiritualist and Occult Periodicals , materials curated by Marc Demarest. More recently the same organization, has developed The Standard Spiritualist and Occult Corpus . It is described in their page as follows:

“The Standard Spiritualist and Occult Corpus (SSOC) is an open source text project, focused on book-length texts, in English, covering Spiritualism, the occult, New Thought and allied parasciences (mesmerism, magnetism, phrenology, alchemy, chiromancy and so forth) published between 1790 and 1940. Currently (Release 1.1) the SSOC consists of more than 2,200 book-length texts (more than 1 million pages) by over 300 authors, and includes many of the texts considered “classics” in Spiritualism and the occult. Every text in the SSOC is supplied, free of charge, in indexed PDF form, allowing it to be electronically stored, searched, printed and converted (to image, HTML or text). The outer, later bound of the corpus is limited by copyright law.

The intent behind this project is to provide, at low cost, a more or less complete document database of important primary book-length materials — again, in English, at present — to all academic and non-academic researchers, aficionados, and readers interested in Spiritualism, the occult and allied parasciences.”

Here are examples of some of the books available in the collection.

Adair, Viscount. [1859]. Experiences in Spiritualism with D.D. Home. London: Thomas Scott.

Alderson, J. (1823). An Essay on Apparitions (Rev. ed.). London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.

Alexander, P.P. (1871). Spiritualism: A Narrative with a Discussion. Edinburgh: William P. Nimmo.

Alexander Spiritualism

Anonymous. (1790). A Plain and Rational Account of the Natura and Effects of Animal Magnetism. London: W. and J. Strafford.

Anonymous. (1808). The Theory of Dreams. (Vol. 1). London: F.C. and J.  Rivington.

Belden, L.W. (1834). An Account of Jane C. Rider, the Springfield Somnambulist. Springfield: G. and C. Merriam.

Belden Jane Rider

Buchanan, J. (1842). Sketches of Buchanan’s Discoveries in Neurology. Louisville: J. Eliot.

Cadwell, C. (1842). Facts in Mesmerism. Louisville, KY: Prentice and Weissinger.

Calmet, A. (1850. The Phantom World. Philadelphia: A. Hart.

Chase, W. (1867). The Gist of Spiritualism. Boston: William White.

Colquhoun, J.C. (1836). Isis Revelata: An Inquiry into the Origin, Progress, and Present State of Animal Magnetism  (Vol. 1). Edinburgh: McLachlan  and Stewart.

Colquhoun Isis Revelata

Cooper, R. (1867). Spiritual Experiences. London: Heywood.

Dailey, A.H. (1894). Mollie Fancher, The Brooklyn Enigma. Brooklyn, NY: Press of Eagle Book Printing Department.

Dupotet de Sennevoy, Baron. (1838). An Introduction to the Study of Animal Magnetism. London: Saunders & Oatley.

Durant, C.F. (1837). Exposition, or a New Theory of Animal Magnetism. New York: Wiley & Putnam.

Ferriar, J. (1813). An Essay Towards a Theory of Apparitions. London: Printed for Cadell and Davies by J. and J. Haddock, Warrington.

Ferriar Apparitions

Herring, C. (1833). A Concise View of the Rise and Progress of Homoepathic Medicine. Philadelphia: Hahnemannean Society.

Macnish, R. (1834). The Philosophy of Sleep (First American ed,). New York: D. Appleton.

Mais, C. (1814). The Surprising Case of Rachel Baker, Who Prays and Preaches in Her Sleep (2nd ed.). New York: Whiting and Watson.

Newnham, W. (1830). Essay on Superstition: Being an Inquiry into the Effects of Physical Influence on the Mind. London: J. Hatchard and Son.

Oliver, G. (1823). The Antiquities of Free-Masonry. London: G. and W.B. Whittaker.

Sargent, E. (1869). Planchette; or, the Despair of Science. Boston: Roberts Brothers.

Sargent Planchette

Sibly, E. (1826). A New and Complete Illustration of of the Celestial Science of Astrology. London: Printed by, and sold by the Proprietor.

Swedenborg, E. (1796). The Wisdom of the Angels Concerning the Divine Providence. Boston: Isiah Thomas and Ebenezer T. Andrews.

Taylor, J. (1815). Apparitions; or, the Mystery of Ghosts, Hobgoblins, and Haunted Houses, Developed (2nd ed.). London: Lackington, Allen & Co.

Tregotha, J. (n.d.). News from the Invisible World, or. Interesting Anectotes of the Dead. Burslem: J. Tregortha.

Young, L. (1842). The Entranced Female. London: T.M. Inchbold.

Young Entranced Female