Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Visiting Scholar, Rhine Research Center
Hideyuki Kokubo has been contributing to parapsychology and related areas since the 1980s. He travels around the world presenting his research at various conventions. My contacts with him have been in some of the conventions of the Parapsychological Association.
Hideyuki holds various positions in Japan, among them Research Director of the International Research Institute , and Researcher at the Institute for Informatics of Consciousness (Meiji University). In addition he is the Executive Editor of the Journal of International Society of Life Information Science and the Managing Director of the International Society of Life Information Science, as well as the Director of the Society for Mind Body Science. He also has won several prizes, an example being the 2003 Excellent Paper Prize by the International Society of Life Information Science.
How did you get interested in parapsychology?
In my childhood, I was a common boy who had interests in many wonderful and amazing things, for example, Kaijuu such as Godzilla, Ultraman, SF, anime, mystery of our universe, theory of relativity, quantum theory, time travel, space travel, ancient miracles such as pyramids, etc.
When I entered Nagoya University, I found there was a student club of paranormal phenomena, especially psi and UFO. I enjoyed parapsychological experiments there. One day, I analyzed data of clairvoyance and recognized a declining curve. I was surprised that this phenomenon was called a decline effect in Rhine and Pratt’s book Parapsychology (Translated by Yasuo Yuasa). I realized that psi could be detected by suitable scientific methods.
What are your main interests in the field and how have you contributed to its development?
I want to develop a good real-time sensor for PK. If I succeed, we will be able to study the details of physical mechanisms of psi.
Recently, I have developed new methods to measure the magnitude of bio-PK power quantitatively. In my original methods, I used pieces of Cucumis sativus (‘white spine type’) cucumber as a bio-sensor for PK. In 2006 I developed a method to measure biophotons from cucumbers. Also, in 2009 I developed a gas measurement method in 2009 and a fluorescence measurement method in 2012.
The main characteristic of my methods are:
1) Use of paired bio-sensors of experiments and controls.
2) Reactions of bio-sensors are measured for a long term (18-24 h) after PK treatment.
3) Use of J value which is an index of the magnitude of controlled PK power. J value is defined as a natural logarithm of the ratio of physical values of experimental and control samples.
4) Weak PK power can be measured.
My collaborators and I can study the details of bio-PK phenomenon from various view points. One of them is a study of the spatial distribution of bio-PK field around a healer. The bio-PK field has a wave-like form which has positive and negative areas. It is not similar to Coulomb’s potential and it can be approximated by a wave equation. It suggests that bio-PK follows physical laws which are not well-known yet. Generally, a wave equation needs several parameters such as amplitude, wave length, density, coefficient of viscosity, reaction force, etc. J value is equal to the amplitude of a wave, but I have not measured “reaction force” nor “coefficient of viscosity” of the bio-PK field. Then there is a new question: “Do RNG and bio-sensors measure the same factor?”
Inventors often ask me to measure the amplitude of artificial “psi” power which is claimed to be generated by their original devices. I have measured them in the same way I measure healing power. Remarkably, some devices show unexplainable results which are similar to the results with healers. Some parapsychologists may hesitate to accept these results. However, I think the material has properties relating to psi and we can study them scientifically.
Recently, I and my collaborators have applied my gas measurement method to an ambitious study. The first article was published in 2013 (Takagi et al, 2013). In the study, a meditator sits on a chair in a fractal pyramid which is made of aluminum pipes (length is about 2 m) and four plastic boards with aluminum Sierpinski gasket patterns. Bio-sensors (cucumber pieces) were set on the top of the pyramid, and we compared two conditions: that there is a meditator or not. The results of the study were significant (p = 3.13 x 10-10, t-test, two tailed). We are now preparing the second paper which suggests the pyramid (material) has an important role in this anomalous phenomenon.
Why do you think that parapsychology is important?
Parapsychology suggests that there are many hidden properties of our universe which have not been recognized by modern science yet. Also, parapsychology inspires us, showing us paths that may lead us to a new stage.
For example, it is often claimed that teleportation phenomena takes place in poltergeist cases. If teleportation is true, it means that we can find its physical mechanisms and develop an innovative technology of transportation. Also, space trips may become possible. It is very interesting and amazing to study teleportation phenomenon. However, at the present day, we do not have enough data, and we should make efforts to obtain more data in laboratories and in the field. I remember the following episodes when I discuss the problems of teleportation,
1) In 1990s, Chinese researchers used a high-speed camera and shot a process that Baosheng Zhang (genius psychic) used his psychic ability and withdrew a paper from a sealed transparent glass bottle. The sequential photographs showed that, at first, Zhang caught a terminal of a string (which was connected to the paper) from outside of the bottle, and then he withdrew it. The paper followed to the string and was withdrawn from the bottle. Apparently, an anomalous small hole seemed to have appeared at an edge of the glass bottle at that moment. Both string and paper kept their original forms even after this phenomenon.
2) Katsumi Okabe and his family (Japanese farmers) lived in Zanja Pytã (Paraguay). They encountered poltergeist phenomena in 1972. This poltergeist seemed to be a haunting, not an RSPK case. Kazunari Akagi, journalist of Paulista Shinbun (Journal Paulista, newspaper, São Paulo, Brazil), and Yasugoro Nakagawa (merchant of materials for agriculture) stayed at Okabe’s house for a short term, and Akagi reported many teleportation phenomena; for example, a large tire of a car, an iron rail, and other things moved from the first floor to the second floor. Nakagawa wanted to know the path along which the things moved, and he connected strings to things which had moved frequently. This test was repeated, but it was not easy to identify the path because the string was usually torn. After many trials, Nakagawa succeeded in obtaining a clue. When a thing moved anomalously from the first floor to the second floor, he checked the string and found that it had been torn in the middle. However, remarkably, the string passed along a gap (a few millimeters) between wood floor boards of the second floor, and was hanging into the lower room. This suggested that the things passed through the gap of the wood floor boards.
3) Randy Taguchi (a writer) interviewed witnesses of UFO phenomena in Japan. One night in the 1990s, a woman saw a UFO which was hovering above her house. The diameter of the UFO seemed to be larger than 10 meters. She was surprised that the UFO passed through a narrow gap between two house buildings but the shape and size of the UFO did not change during the process. It is impossible that the UFO passed through the gap in usual ways which are well-known by us. She wondered about this very much and thought she might be crazy. Researchers may try to discuss such experiences as part of psychology or of modern myths. However, I would like to say that they are experiences of real physical phenomena, although I don’t know whether the UFOs were alien crafts or not.
Of course, these episodes are not confirmed enough even in terms of their possible parapsychological interpretations. However, I am interested in the possibility that our target “teleportation” is not the same as quantum teleportation. Psi phenomena seem to be related to unknown properties of time-space.
In your view, what are the main problems in parapsychology today as a scientific field?
I think one of the problems is the technology used to sense psi. We have obtained considerable data about psychological and social aspects of psi through many studies. But, we don’t have enough data about their physiological and physical mechanisms yet. Therefore, we cannot explain psi well. In order to go to the next stage, we should develop new sensors for psi.
Can you mention some of your current projects?
One of them is a study using a pyramid, which I mentioned above. My collaborator is preparing a paper about this.
Kokubo H: Introduction to Human Measurements. Tokyo: DTP Publishing Co. Ltd, 2014. [In Japanese]
Kokubo H and Takagi O: Gasu Sokutei-hou no Jissai (How to Gas Measurement Method – Textbook of Seminar. Chiba: International Research Institute, 2010. [in Japanese]
Yamamoto M, Ito M, Machi Y, Kawano K, Higuchi Y and Kokubo H Eds.: Human Potential Science, Chiba: International Society of Life Information Science, 2004 [in Japanese]
Kokubo H: A questionnaire survey for the digital native generation on their anomalous experiences and trust for other persons. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 32(2), 217-227, 2014.
Minami E, Usui T and Kokubo H: Relationship between age and healing power – A study using a bio-sensor for non-contact healing. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 32(1), 49-55, 2014.
Watanabe M and Kokubo H: Study on macro PK with shape memory alloy and super-elastic alloy －Possibility of non-professional scientists. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 32(1), 16-33, 2014.
Kokubo H, Usui T, Shimahara C, Minami E, Shimizu T, Takagi O, Kawano K and Yamamoto M: Relationship among Non-contact Healing (Bio-PK) Ways and Response Patterns of a Bio-sensor – Competition and Inhibition among Healing Ways of the Chakra-activating Type, DNA-rewriting (Language-leading) Type, and Energy-circulation-improving Type. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 31(2), 161-181, 2013.
Takagi, O, Sakamoto, M, Kokubo, H, et al: Meditator’s non-contact effect on cucumbers. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 8(15), 647-651, 2013.
Kokubo H., Biophysical approach to psi phenomena. Journal of NeuroQuantology, 11(1): 8-15, 2013.
Kokubo H, Usui T, Shimahara C, Minami E, Takagi O, Kawano K and Yamamoto M: Response patterns of a bio-sensor in non-contact healing: Analysis by gas and fluorescence measurement methods. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 31(1): 52-60, 2013.
Kokubo H, Koyama S, Takagi O, Yamamoto M and Kawano K: Bio-PK detectivity of fluorescence measurement method: Early spring test. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 30(2): 208-224, 2012.
Kokubo H and Yamamoto M: Fluorescence measurement method for non-contact healing power. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 30(1): 41-48, 2012.
Kokubo H, Takagi O and Nemoto Y: Spatial distribution of healing power – Biophysical approach to bio-PK around a human body. Gesellschaft fur Anomalistik Studie des Monats, 2011.
Kokubo H, Takagi O and Nemoto Y: Biophysical measurements of bio-field around a human body. Proceedings of 7th Psi meeting: Psi Research and Anomalistic Psychology, 193-199, 2011.
Kokubo H: Research senses for parapsychological phenomena: Viewpoint across mind, body and universe. Japanese Journal of Transpersonal Psychology/Psychiatry, 11(1): 15-27, 2011. [In Japanese with an English abstract]
Kokubo H, Takagi O, Koyama S and Nemoto Y: Potential distribution of healing power around a human body – Biophysical approach using gas measurement method. Journal of Mind-Body Science, 20(1): 43-54, 2011. [In Japanese with an English abstract]
Kokubo H, Takagi O, Koyama S and Yamamoto M: Discussion of an approximated equation for spatial distribution of controlled healing power around a human body. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 29(1): 23-46, 2011.
Kokubo H, Takagi O, Koyama S and Yamamoto M: Spatial distribution of potential of controlled healing power – Exploratory measurement using cucumber as a bio-sensor. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 28(2):236-249, 2010.
Kokubo H, Takagi O and Koyama S: Application of a gas measurement method – Measurement of ki fields and non-contact healing. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 28(1): 95-112, 2010.
Kokubo H and Yamamoto M: Wave Length and Photon Emission from Cucumber – Effects of 70GHz extremely high frequency (EHF) and non-contact healing. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 27(1): 78-89, 2009.
Kokubo H and Yamamoto M: Controlled healing power and ways of non-contact healing. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 27(1): 90-105, 2009.
Kokubo H, Takagi O and Yamamoto M: Development of a gas measurement method with cucumber as a bio-sensor. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 27(2): 200-213, 2009.
Kokubo H, Yamamoto M, Usui T and Yoichi H: Brain blood flow during psychokinesis tasks – Biophysical and psychophysiological study on a psychic. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 26, 223-246, 2008.
Kokubo H, Yamamoto M and Kawano K: Magnetic stimuli for pieces of cucumber – Quantitative measurement using biophotons. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 26, 213-222, 2008.
Kokubo H and Yamamoto M: Research on brain activity during psychokinesis task. Proceedings of 4th Psi Meeting, 66-80, 2008.
Da Silva FE, Kokubo H, Facion JR, Hein J, Potoni L, Paul LSE, Schiling S, Mora W, Ganz NM and Da Silva MJ: Distant healing intention to autistic patients: An exploratory study. Proceedings of 4th Psi Meeting, 27-37, 2008.
Kokubo H: Qigong, Paranormal phenomenon, Parapsychology, in Sakamoto H, Kawano H, Isotani T and Ohta S Eds.: Encyclopedia of Semiotics, Tokyo: Kashiwa-Shobou, 2002 [in Japanese]
Kokubo H: Choushinri-gaku – Michi nouryoku no tankyuu (Parapsychology – Research of unknown abilities), in Isozaki M, Onodera T, Miyamoto M and Mori K, Eds. Maindo Supeisu – Kasoku suru Shinri-gaku (Mind Space – Psychology Accelerates), pp.111-124, Kyoto: Nakanishiya Shuppan, 1999 [in Japanese]
Yamamoto M, Hirasawa M, Kokado T, Kokubo H, Yamada T, Taniguchi J, Kawano K and Fukuda N: EEG change in remote perception task using electromagnetic shield cage, Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 17, 191-197, 1999
Kokubo H: Contemporary active research groups in Japan for anomalous phenomena. Japanese Journal of Parapsychology, 3, 19-63, 1998.
Kokubo H, Yamamoto M, Hirasawa M, Sakaida H, Furukawa M, Kawano K, Hirata T and Fukuda N: Development of measuring system for nT-order magnetic field caused by human hands. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 16, 134-147, 1998.